Lychee Facts; How Mutch Important, Benificial And Interesting?

The lychee, litchi, liechee, liche, lizhi or li zhi, or lichee is the sole member of the genus Litchi in the soapberry family, Sapindaceae.

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    Lychee is a member of the soapberry family. Lychee fruits are found in loose clusters ranging from 3-50 fruits which grow on a tree. The fruit is round to oval in shape. Lychee skin resembles a bumpy leathery strawberry with short, conical or rounded protuberances. The fruit skin color ranges from yellow to pinkish or red . The edible portion of the fruit, the pulp is succulent, white and translucent. Lychee fruits contain one shiny,dark brown seed,. Lychee fruit is grown in many sub-tropical areas such as Southeast China, India, Indonesia, Israel, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mauritius, Mexico, Mynamar, Pakistan, South Africa, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, and the U.S. (Florida, Hawaii, California).

    More Interesting Lychee Facts:

  • Lychee is medium-sized tree that can reach 40 to 50 feet in height.
  • Lychee has short trunk covered with smooth, grey or black bark and low spreading, brownish-red branches.
  • Lychee develops evergreen, shiny, leathery, green leaves composed of 2 to 4 thin leaflets arranged in pairs.

  • Lychee produces individual male and female flowers (monoecious plant) gathered in long terminal clusters (panicles) composed of up to 3.000 flowers. They can be green, yellow or white colored.
  • Lychee blooms from November to February in the northern hemisphere and from April to August in the southern hemisphere. Flowers are fragrant and they attract bees, main pollinators of this plant.
  • Fruit looks like bumpy strawberry with roundish, sharp protuberances.
  • Botanically speaking, lychee is drupe. Fruit grows arranged in dense clusters (of 3 to 50). Lychee ripens 100 to 120 days after pollination.
  • Lychee has rough skin on the surface that can be pink or reddish-brown colored. Edible flesh is succulent, white and translucent. Each fruit contains one large, shiny, brown seed.
  • Lychee is rich source of dietary fibers, vitamins C, B1, B3, B9 and minerals such as copper, potassium, calcium and magnesium. 100g of fruit contains 66 calories.
  • Lychee has floral aroma and sweet taste that resembles a mix of grape and pear. Flesh has a texture similar to grape.
  • Lychee can be consumed fresh, in the form of fruit salads, or it can be used for the preparation of ice-creams, juices, jellies, jams, syrups and various refreshing beverages and tea. Lychee is also available in dried and canned form.
  • Seed contains toxic compounds that can induce unpleasant side effects in digestive system after consumption.
  • Lychee is natural diuretic. It alleviates pain associated with kidney stones and reduces formation of blood cloths. Lychee can prevent development of breast cancer.
  • Lychee is also known as "Chinese strawberry" because it originates from China and looks like strawberry. This fruit is symbol of love and romance in China.
  • China and India are the greatest manufacturers of lychee in the world.
  • Lychee is perennial plant that can survive around 1.000 years in the wild.