Quince Facts; How Mutch Important, Benificial And Interesting?

The quince is the sole member of the genus Cydonia in the family Rosaceae. It is a small deciduous tree that bears a pome fruit, similar in appearance to a pear, and bright golden-yellow when mature.

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    Health Benefits of Quince

    Some of the health benefits of quince include its ability to help prevent cancer, aid in weight loss, improve digestive health, reduce cholesterol, boost immune system strength, prevent gastrointestinal diseases, soothes inflammation, increase the health of your skin, decrease blood pressure, prevent allergic reactions, and stimulate circulation in the cardiovascular system.

    Quince is a rather unusual fruit that is closely related to apples and pears. Its scientific name is Cydonia oblonga, and it is the only member of its genus Cydonia. The quince tree is deciduous and rather small, while the valuable ripened fruit is yellowish-gold color and somewhat similar to pears in shape and consistency. The value of the fruit as a food item dates back a long time, but the small tree is often grown for its ornamental quality as well, because of its attractive pale pink blossoms.

    Quince is native to the Eurasian area, including Uzbekistan, Armenia, Turkey, Hungary, Macedonia, and other nearby regions. Historically, quince may have played a much larger role than most people expect. Some researchers actually think that when "apples" were referenced in ancient history, they were more likely talking about quince, which were much more common in those areas.

    Interesting Quince Facts:

  • Quince is small tree that can reach 16 to 26 feet in height.
  • Quince develops simple, ovate leaves with smooth margins. They are pale green colored due to dense layer of white hairs on the surface. Leaves are alternately arranged on the branches.
  • Quince produces large, pink or white individual flowers at the end of the branches. Flowers contain both types of reproductive organs.
  • Quince blooms during the spring and summer. Flowers attract bees (natural pollinators), but they are also able to perform self-pollination.
  • Fruit of quince is large pome. Fruit has yellowish-white flesh filled with stone cells and numerous seed in the middle. Surface of the fruit is covered with yellow skin that has rough and woolly texture.

  • Quince which grows in temperate region produces unpalatable, tart and astringent fruit that needs to be thermally processed before consumption (high temperatures destroy tannins, bitter compounds). Quince can be consumed in the form of compotes, preserves, jellies or as an ingredient of dishes made of seafood, poultry and lamb.
  • Quince which grows in tropical areas produces fruit with soft flesh which tastes like a blend of apple and pear. Tropical quince can be consumed raw.
  • Quince is rich source of dietary fibers, vitamin C and minerals such as copper, iron, potassium and magnesium.
  • Quince is best known by its strong, tropical and fruity aroma. This fruit was inevitable part of wedding ceremonies in the ancient Greece. Bride consumed quince to ensure pleasantly smelling, "perfumed lips".

  • Quince was popular and often consumed in the ancient Rome. Romans usually prepared quince by mixing it with honey and leek.
  • Quince is often used as a rootstock for grafting the pears. Created hybrids remain small in size, but they produce substantial amount of fruit that reaches maturity more quickly.
  • Turkey is the greatest manufacturer of quince in the world with nearly 128.000 metric tons of fruit produced each year.

  • Compounds isolated from quince can reduce blood cholesterol level, prevent development of certain types of cancer and inflammatory bowel disease.
  • Mucus obtained by soaking the seed of quince into the water can be used in treatment of skin irritation and gastrointestinal discomfort.
  • Quince is perennial plant that can survive more than 50 years in the wild.