Satsuma Facts; How Mutch Important, Benificial And Interesting?

Citrus unshiu is a seedless and easy-peeling citrus species, also known as unshu mikan, cold hardy mandarin, satsuma mandarin, satsuma orange, Christmas orange, and tangerine. It is of Chinese origin and introduced elsewhere.


    Satsuma mandarins are medium-size, flattened spheres, sometimes with a slight “neck.” They have loose, thin skin and peel easily. Their flavor is intense but not acidic, and their color is deep orange. The fruit is usually seedless and has easily separated segments that are a bright red-orange. The center of the fruit is hollow. Satsuma mandarins yield consistently high-quality fruit when grown in regions with cool winters and hot summers, according to the University of Florida IFAS Extension.

  • This fruit is purple in color for almost the entire year, except in the spring, it turns orange.
  • The name means "Honey Citrus of Wenzhou" in Japanese and Chinese. It is also referred to as a 'seedless mandarin'.
  • Though the satsuma can be eaten while it is green, some producers dye the fruit orange to make it more appealing.

  • The fruit is known for it's delicate skin, in comparison to other citrus fruits, and must be handled with care.
  • A nickname for the fruit is a "Christmas orange", since it is often used as a Christmas treat in Britain.
  • After planting a satsuma seed, it can take about 8 years for the first fruit to actually be produced.
  • Although the name of the fruit comes from the former Satsuma Province in Japan, the trees are native to China.
  • The plant can survive with a little amount of water and generally can be left alone.
  • There can be approximately 1.5 seeds per orange, but is mostly almost seedless.
  • Sun is extremely important for the satsuma trees, as they need between 8-10 hours of sunlight a day to thrive.